Health Problems

Screen Time and Mental Health

Age-related mental health outcomes: Children and AdolescentsAge-related mental health outcomes: AdultsScreen time and mental health in the COVID-19 eraReferencesFurther reading  Screen time refers to the time a person spends looking at a screen on a device such as a television, smartphone, computer, or game console. There has been plentiful research done on screen time and […]

Health Problems

What are the Health Benefits of Beetroot?

IntroductionFunctional Compounds in BeetrootBeetroot Effects on Endothelial FunctionThe Effects of Beetroot on Blood Pressure and Vascular FunctionThe Effect of Beetroot on Glucose and Insulin HomeostasisThe Effect of Beetroot on the MicrobiomeReferencesFurther Reading Beetroot is a nitrate-rich root vegetable. Research has demonstrated that the consumption of nitrates from sources such as beetroot, carrots, and turnips, may […]

Health Problems

What is a Concomitant Illness?

IntroductionConcomitant disease: co-morbidity and multi-morbidityDiabetes: an example of a primary illness that causes several concomitant diseasesIncidence of concomitant illnessesPolypharmacy for concomitant diseasesChallengesReferencesFurther reading A concomitant illness exists at the same time as another. The word concomitant means to accompany or associate. Individuals who possess a concomitant illness, usually have a primary illness; the presence of […]

Health Problems

The 'Omics in Male Fertility Diagnostics

The emerging fields of epigenomics, genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics have added to the ability to diagnose and treat male infertility by uncovering the various biological processes involved in this condition. Image Credit: Shidlovski/Shutterstock.com Background Infertility is a problem for one in seven couples of reproductive age, and a male factor is implicated in half […]

Health Problems

The Road to HIV/AIDS Vaccination

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), first identified in 1984, causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The HIV/AIDS endemic has taken more than 34 million lives, and despite being out for almost 38 years there is no HIV/AIDS vaccine available for public use. This virus has exhibited a unique challenge in the production of a vaccine. […]

Health Problems

The Role of Physics in Medicine

The application of physics principles, methods, and techniques in clinical practice and research has revolutionized the entire medical science field to improve human health and overall wellbeing. Image Credit: Nuttawut Yeenang/Shutterstock.com What is Medical Physics? Medical physics is a branch of applied physics that utilizes physical sciences to prevent, diagnose, and treat human diseases. Medical […]

Health Problems

How Could Smart Bandages Revolutionize Wound Care?

The presence of bandages made from gauze or cotton wool for the treatment of wounds is considered a standard supply for every home, hospital and first aid kit. Wound healing. Image Credit: Tong Stocker/Shutterstock.com Today, these familiar materials are being replaced by modern bandages of a new generation, which are made from natural and synthetic […]

Health Problems

Mental Health and Cooking

The nutritional benefits of food are well known. The associations between our physical and mental health are firmly established, though perhaps much lesser appreciated are the longer-term impacts of food on mood. Cooking. Image Credit: Rawpixel.com/Shutterstock.com As well as the content of our diet though, the conventions in how we prepare it are now in […]

Health Problems

Investigating the Epidemic for Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease is a global public health concern, defined as sustained damage to the renal parenchyma that results in deterioration of kidney function with eventual progression to end-stage renal disease. Chronic kidney disease is a non-communicable disease that continues to increase in prevalence. Consequently, the global burden of chronic kidney disease is becoming a […]