Health News

Monkeypox Outbreak Slows as Feds Promise Action, Outreach

The number of Americans newly diagnosed with monkeypox has decreased by about 50% since early August, White House and other federal health officials announced Thursday. Although the overall picture is improving, there are still some areas in the United States seeing increasing infection numbers. For this and other reasons, the Centers for Disease Control and […]

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How might eliminating race-based adjustments in estimates of kidney function affect kidney transplant waitlisting?

Recent efforts have been working to do away with race-based algorithms in medicine—such as an adjustment for Black race in equations that estimate individuals’ kidney function. New research published in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN) examines the impact of using these new equations on kidney transplant waitlist access. Assessing individuals’ […]

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Pembro/Chemo Combo Fails to Improve Event-Free Survival in HNSCC

PARIS — Adding pembrolizumab (Keytruda) to chemoradiotherapy did not significantly improve event-free survival, compared with CRT plus placebo as first-line therapy for patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell cancers (HNSCC), reported investigators of the KEYNOTE-412 trial. Among 804 patients with newly diagnosed, pathologically proven, unresected locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinomas who were […]

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Intact autophagic vacuoles found to be indispensable in mediating competitive elimination of cancer cells

Elimination of transformed cells that can initiate cancer is necessary to maintain tissue integrity. In a new study, scientists from Tokyo University of Science show how this mechanism is regulated by the cellular process "autophagy." They found that intact autophagic vacuoles are indispensable in mediating competitive elimination of cancer cells. Conversely, perturbation of autophagy prevents […]

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Radiotherapy boost for women with early-stage breast cancer

Radiotherapy boost for women with early-stage breast cancer offers reduced risk of the disease returning Early stage breast cancer involves removing the milk ducts to stop its spread  Scientists believe radiotherapy now reduces the risk of the cancer returning  Some women with aggressive cells are offered a three-week course of radiation Fewer than 3pc of […]