Health News

Experts set out targets to eliminate tuberculosis within a generation: Tuberculosis can be treated, prevented and cured, yet it kills 1.6 million people a year, more people than any other infectious disease

A world free of tuberculosis (TB) is possible by 2045 if increased political will and financial resources are directed towards priority areas including providing evidence-based interventions to everyone, especially to high risk groups, and increasing research to develop new ways to diagnose, treat, and prevent TB. Funding this response will require substantial investments, and accountability […]

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Early exposure to pesticides linked to small increased risk of autism spectrum disorder: Findings support efforts to prevent exposure to pesticides during pregnancy

Exposure to common agricultural pesticides before birth and in the first year of life is associated with a small to moderately increased risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared with infants of women without such exposure, finds a study published in The BMJ today. The researchers say their findings support efforts to prevent exposure to […]

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Different bacteria use same cell surface molecule to invade tissue and promote infection: Blocking bacteria-molecule interaction might prevent many deadly illnesses

A new study identifies a single molecule as a key entry point used by two types of dangerous bacteria to break through cellular barriers and cause disease. The findings, published March 19 in the journal mBio, suggest that blocking the interaction between the molecule, known as CD40, and bacteria may represent a universal strategy for […]

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Cell therapy could replace need for kidney transplants

Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine (WFIRM) scientists are working on a promising approach for treatment of chronic kidney disease — regeneration of damaged tissues using therapeutic cells. By harnessing the unique properties of human amniotic fluid-derived stem cells, WFIRM scientists have demonstrated that the cells could potentially help recover organ function in a pre-clinical […]

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Simple urine test allows for rapid diagnosis of preeclampsia

Researchers with The Ohio State University College of Medicine, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and Nationwide Children’s Hospital have found that a simple urine test can rapidly detect one of the world’s deadliest pregnancy-related conditions, which could have a major impact on global health. In an effort to reduce illness and deaths among […]

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Secrets of early life revealed from less than half a teaspoon of blood: Pioneering technology could pave the way for improved newborn vaccines

A global team of scientists have mapped the developmental pathway of a newborn’s life for the first time. The research, published in Nature Communications, could transform our understanding of health and disease in babies. Co-led by the MRC Unit The Gambia at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, the new study included lifting […]

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Creating more potent cancer therapy using ‘theranostics’

A City of Hope scientist and his colleagues have developed a user-friendly approach to creating “theranostics” — therapy combined with diagnostics — that target specific tumors and diseases. Key to the process are molecules called metallocorroles, which serve as versatile platforms for the development of drugs and imaging agents. City of Hope’s John Termini, Ph.D., […]

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Smokers often misunderstand health risks of smokeless tobacco product, study finds: ‘Snus’ may be less harmful for smokers unable or unwilling to quit tobacco

American smokers mistakenly think that using snus, a type of moist snuff smokeless tobacco product, is as dangerous as smoking tobacco, according to a Rutgers study. The study, published in the April 2019 issue of the journal Addictive Behaviors, provides new research on what smokers think about snus, a Swedish style product that is popular […]