Health News

Death toll rises in eastern India in encephalitis outbreak

Indian authorities said Wednesday that 114 children have died in an encephalitis outbreak this month in eastern Bihar, one of the country’s poorest states. The outbreak has been exacerbated by a heatwave, with temperatures in Patna, Bihar’s capital, reaching a high of 45.8 Celsius (114.5 Fahrenheit). There have been more than 500 cases of encephalitis […]

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Undetected diabetes linked to heart attack and gum disease

People with undetected glucose disorders run a higher risk of both myocardial infarction and periodontitis, according to a study published in the journal Diabetes Care by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden. The results demonstrate the need of greater collaboration between dentistry and healthcare, say the researchers, and possibly of screening for diabetes at dental […]

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Making heads or tails of male fertility

A new way of analysing sperm that tracks the movement of the sperm tail could enable substantial improvements to male fertility testing. The technique measures the speed and action of the sperm flagellum, or tail, which provides vital information for understanding whether sperm in an ejaculate have the potential to reach and fertilise the egg. […]

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New regulator of immune responses discovered

Scientists have identified a new internal regulator that helps control the body’s response to fight infection. The discovery could be a target for new drugs to tackle autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and scleroderma, where healthy tissues are attacked by the body’s own immune system. “We want to put a brake on the body’s own […]

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Specific identification of chronic lung disease in premature babies

Infants born prematurely frequently develop a form of chronic lung disease known as Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia. Previously, this disease could only be diagnosed clinically and with a low degree of differentiation. Researchers at the Helmholtz Zentrum München and the University Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians University — partner in the German Center for Lung Research (DZL) — […]

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Researchers make transformational AI seem ‘unremarkable’: AI must be unobtrusive to be accepted as part of clinical decision making

Physicians making life-and-death decisions about organ transplants, cancer treatments or heart surgeries typically don’t give much thought to how artificial intelligence might help them. And that’s how researchers at Carnegie Mellon University say clinical AI tools should be designed — so doctors don’t need to think about them. A surgeon might never feel the need […]

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Researchers define Alzheimer’s-like brain disorder: LATE symptoms resembles Alzheimer’s disease but has different cause

A brain disorder that mimics symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease has been defined with recommended diagnostic criteria and guidelines for advancing future research on the condition. Researchers at Rush University Medical Center and scientists from several National Institutes of Health-funded institutions, in collaboration with international peers, described the newly-named pathway to dementia, Limbic-predominant Age-related TDP-43 Encephalopathy, […]

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Dengue research in the Philippines evolving over time

Communicable diseases including dengue continue to be major causes of morbidity and mortality in the Philippines. Now, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have reviewed 60 years of published literature on dengue in the country to identify trends in previous studies and areas where more research is needed. The Philippines is an archipelago of […]